An introduction for beginner to black belt and beyond
Taegeuk Chil Jang - By Grand Master Tony Vohra 8th Dan. Photographs by Master Jeff Scott-Smith 5th Dan.
Last month, we covered Taegeuk Yuk Jang, which is the Sixth Poomsae used in the basic development of Taekwondo techniques, three quarters of the way to black belt and beyond. This pattern has 31 movements, counted as 19 consecutive counts with one Kihap at the end, performed over 32-37 seconds.
This month we take a look at Chil Jang, the seventh form. Chil Jang has 33 movements, counted as 25 consecutive counts with one kihap on the final technique and should take between 32-37 seconds to be performed from sijak to baro.
Taegeuk Chil Jang is essential for progression from 3rd KUP to 2nd KUP (Red belt) and should be executed to demonstrate firmness and stability whilst giving consideration to ranges of movement that reflect steadfast stances and specific performance of movements.
If we consider the new material arising in this form we have thirteen new techniques which are covered in this article. The increase in the number of new techniques in this form is due to the proximity of the practitioner to their first POOM/DAN (black belt) grading. This is reflected in the difficulty of the higher grade taegeuk patterns.
On the last movement in this form you pull the opponent with the left hand whilst right foot moves forward to juchumseogi, deliver momtong yopjirigi
Sonnal arae makki, Knife hand low section block.. The movement originates as the blocking knife hand is raised to shoulder level whilst the covering hand is raised slightly higher, at ear level and facing outwards. The final execution of the movement places the blocking knife hand at a finger span distance from the forward knee, palm facing down. The covering hand, is open and at solar plexus level, palm facing upwards and a flat hands distance, from the body, with the fingers pointing in a straight line to the elbow.
Batangson momtong godureo anmakki. Palm hand assist trunk inner blocking. This is an inward knife hand pressing block, supported by the other clenched fist at the elbow joint executed in the reverse stance.
Bojumeok. Hand Covered Fist. Performed from attention stance, with heels and toes together. Move the hands from your side, with right fist clenched and left hand cradling the fist with an open hand (fingers together) and the thumb extended in a manner that encircles the forefinger and thumb of the clenched right fist. The resulting position of the two hands is one where the covering fingers and thumb retain the opposing fingers and thumb. The hands remain in the centre line and no higher than the originating position. They are then raised to neck level away from your body; the two arms form a circle by bending at the elbows. The execution of the movement is slow and should take about 6 seconds. Please note this technique may terminate at either solar plexus, neck or forehead level.
Kawimakki. Scissors Blocking. This is a combination of low section block with one arm and mid section block with the other, executed simultaneously. Whilst performing this technique, the two blocking arms will cross mid point.. Upon termination of the technique both arms are in line with the body.
Momtong hecho makki Trunk push blocking. This is an outer wrist (little finger side) pushing block. The fists are clenched with palms facing the chest hands at starting position and moving to cover the mid section. They should finish up no wider than the body line.
Mureup chigi. Knee raise up hitting In this technique the weight is supported on one leg whilst the knee of the other leg strikes upwards. The hands are clenched and move either side of the knee to finish either side of the ankle of the attacking knee with the palms facing downwards.
Dujumeok jeocho jireugi. Twin uppercut punch. Clenched fists move from their starting position, palm down at the waist, to punch in a straight horizontal line into the mid section. The movement tends towards the midline with the palms facing upwards and finishing one fist distance apart. This is executed in cross stance (dwikkoaseogi).
Otgoreo araemakki. Cross (X) low blocking. The technique is executed from the side of the foot which is not leading with the backs of each fist facing one another whilst the arms are crossed at the wrist. The fist on the side of the leading foot should be placed underneath the other. Completion of the movement is in the centre line of the body.
Deungjumeok bakkatchigi outward back fist. Striking with the back of the fist to the side of the face. The opposite fist is pulled back to the waist.
Pyojeok chagi. Target kick. The open hand is offered in front of the individual at the position of termination of the back fist. This should then be struck with an inward crescent kick using the inner side of the foot thus demonstrating accuracy and ability to hit a desired target. It is important in this movement that the foot is brought to the target and not the reverse!
Momtong yopjireugi. Side body punch. This is executed whilst moving into horse riding stance as if attacking an opponent directly to the side of you.
Beom seogi. Tiger stance. From a position of attention stance the chosen back foot should be turned out 30 degrees. 100% of the weight should be supported by the supporting back leg. The front foot should then be positioned one step in front (as if in walking stance) with the ball of the foot touching the floor. The heel of the front foot should be one fist distance off the floor with the knee bent. The hips and body should be facing forward in this stance.
Juchum seogi. Horse riding stance. The distance between the feet is two foot lengths apart whilst being parallel and facing forwards. The weight distribution in this stance should be equally divided between each leg with the knees bent and directed slightly inwards whilst tensing the lower abdominal muscles.
Speed and consecutively delivered movements
In Taegeuk 7 jang, the consecutively delivered combination movements follow:
Apchagi-Momtong makki: Front kick and inward mid-block with the inner wrist (little finger side blocking). After the front kick, the foot is pulled back to the original position of tiger stance.
As the heel of the kicking foot touches the floor the mid-block should be executed. The hands and feet move simultaneously to deliver the return to tiger stance and block finishing at the same moment. This is executed twice, once on each side.
Bandae kawimakki - kawimakki: Scissor block-scissor block. Two scissor blocks performed consecutively on the spot. In this form the first of the two blocks always leads with the hand on the side of the leading foot being a mid-block whilst the other arm executes a reverse low block. The arms then switch while remaining in the same stance. This is executed twice whilst moving forward
Pyojeokchagi - palgup pyojeok chigi: target kick - elbow strike. Inward crescent kick is executed to the centre line of the body. The hand then moves round to the centre of the sideways facing the trunk. This should be performed whilst moving into horse riding stance to perform an elbow strike, hitting the palm of the opposite hand. This is executed twice whilst moving forward.
Mureupchigi - dujumeok jeochojireugi: knee raising - twin uppercut punching. When the kneeing leg lands, the momentum of the strike, should be maintained by immediately stepping forward to execute the twin uppercut punch, this is executed twice, once on each side.
Bujumeok Hand covered fist. Outlined in detail above, should be executed over approximately six seconds.
When consecutive and speed movements are delivered, it is important to express in the timing of the movements that they should follow on from one another. This can be achieved by displaying more urgency and sharpness in execution and when moving between the techniques.
When practising this form, it is important to ensure that you have symmetry and balance in techniques so that left and right side techniques are shown as mirror images. Visualization of a real fight should be utilized when performing all Poomsae. Attack and defence should be executed to the centre line of your body. Please remember that defence is angular and circular. Attack is direct and straight.. Power generation and force at deliverance of technique is generated by mass multiplied by acceleration and we are looking at being relaxed with the tightening of core muscle groups occurring at the moment of impact.
From commencement to termination of a form, it is important to remember that all movements balance
out. This is shown through analysis of the forms, the starting and finishing positions are the same. Breathing and breath control is good for power development, relaxation and concentration, which will enhance performance. If you take the basic movements which have been explained in previous articles and use them as a foundation for patterns in general, then your standard is going to continue to improve which will enable you to gain a greater depth of knowledge and inspire you to greater heights.
If you wish to get a better analysis of your forms please look at videoing yourself from different angles so that you can see your techniques and use that to improve your performance for the future.
Obviously, reading articles and books can help to improve your theoretical knowledge and practice of techniques; however, nothing beats practical, first-hand tuition. Master Tony Vohra is always pleased to offer this type of quality expertise to allow you to reach your highest potential. Individualised personal development programmes are currently being run locally, nationally and internationally. These have already succeeded in enabling practitioners, both young and old, to achieve their physical, mental and spiritual goals. Educational programmes are also being run at present, working with young children to promote positive values such as physical health, self esteem and self confidence and to combat negativity, obesity and bullying.
If you are interested in taking part in any courses or require any advice, Master Tony Vohra is pleased to be of service to individual students, instructors and clubs and can arrange demonstrations, courses & seminars to suit any individual or groups both at home and abroad. For furtherdetails please contact:
President Grandmaster S. S. Vohra (8th Dan),
International School of Martial Arts
UK HQ, Nottingham School of Tae
Kwon Do, Ilkeston Rd., Nottingham
NG7 3FX, England. Tel: 00 44 (0)115
9780439; Fax: 00 44 (0)115 9785567